Summary action points based on findings
Develop, adopt, and implement a national disability plan that includes objectives that respond to the needs of survivors and recognizes its victim assistance obligations and commitments, together with a monitoring structure.
Expand access to physical rehabilitation needs, particularly in provinces lacking services or where traveling to receive rehabilitation is difficult for survivors.
Ensure that meaningful participation of survivors is increased at all levels.
Prioritize physical accessibility, particularly for services and for government buildings.
Provide psychosocial and psychological support, including peer support in particular to new survivors as well as those who have been traumatized and live in isolation.
Victim assistance commitments
The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is responsible for significant numbers of landmine survivors, cluster munition victims, and survivors of other explosive remnants of war (ERW) who are in need. Afghanistan has made commitments to provide victim assistance through the Mine Ban Treaty and has victim assistance obligations under the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
Afghanistan ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) on 18 September 2012.
Casualties
Casualties Overview
All known casualties by end 2014 24,300 mine/ERW casualties (4,802 killed and 19,498 injured), in data since 1967 collected by the Mine Action Coordination Centre of Afghanistan (MACCA); not including casualties of victim-activated improvised explosive devices (IEDs)
Casualties in 2014 1,296 (2013: 1,050)
2014 casualties by outcome 575 killed; 721 injured (2013: 384 killed; 666 injured)
2014 casualties by device type 52 antipersonnel mine; 4 antivehicle mine; 809 victim-activated IED; 430 ERW; 1 cluster submuntion
The Monitor identified 1,296 new casualties due to mines, victim-activated IEDs, and ERW in Afghanistan for 2014. The overall total included 470 civilian and 16 deminer casualties of mines/ERW recorded by the Mine Action Coordination Centre of Afghanistan (MACCA). Another 775 casualties from victim-activated IEDs recorded by UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) were included in the annual total.[1] Of the 1,242 civilian casualties reported for 2014, 664 were adults, including at least 57 women.
In 2014, children (561, including 80 girls) made up 45% of the total civilian casualties where the age group was known.[2] Similarly, in 2013 children (486, including 70 girls) made up almost half (47%) of the total civilian casualties where the age was known. This marked an increase from 2012 when children (432) accounted for a third (34%) of civilian casualties.
In 2014, there were 16 deminer casualties (two were killed and 14 injured), a significant decrease from 2013, when 22 deminer casualties (one killed and 21 injured) were reported. The total number of deminer casualties in 2014 was the same as in 2012, 16 (three killed and 13 injured).