All Afghan citizens have the right to participate in election based on Article 33 of the Constitution and Article 5 of the Election Law of Afghanistan. No discrimination is allowed against Afghan citizens in terms of groups or ethnicity or other means by the laws, including persons with disabilities.
The Independent Election Commission (IEC) has been authorized to organize and monitor any elections in Afghanistan based on Article 156 of the Constitution of Afghanistan.
Moreover, the government of Afghanistan has ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD), which obligates the government to promote the political rights of persons with disabilities (Article 29 of UN CRPD). The government of Afghanistan has the obligation to provide opportunity for persons with disabilities to participate in political life, especially the elections. However, the election authorities have not been able to provide the necessary facilities for persons with disabilities to participate in the elections process in in the past elections and the parliamentary election.
ALSO with technical and financial support of International Foundation for Election System (IFES) conducted an observation in Kabul, Herat and Balk with participation of 42 observers of male and female with disabilities. The objective of the observation was to observe the participation of persons with disabilities and the accessibility of the parliamentary for persons with disabilities held on 20 October 2017 in Afghanistan. The findings and recommendations of the observation will be shared with the election authorities to consider the challenges and needs of persons with disabilities in the upcoming presidential and provincial elections.
Persons with disabilities have had many challenges in the past and recent elections, which need to be alleviated so that persons with disabilities be able to fully participate in the elections to enjoy their political rights.