All Afghan citizens have the right to participate in the elections according to Article 33 of the Constitution[1] and Article 5 of the Election Law of Afghanistan[2]. No discrimination is allowed against Afghan citizens because of ethnicity or other identity under the law, including disability.

Moreover, the government of Afghanistan has ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) in 2012, which obligates the government to promote and protect the political rights of persons with disabilities (Article 29 of CRPD). The government of Afghanistan must provide opportunities to persons with disabilities to participate in the political life, especially the elections.[3] However, the election authorities have not been able to provide the necessary facilities for persons with disabilities to participate in the elections processes.

ALSO, with technical and financial support of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), conducted an observation the parliamentary election on 20 October 2018 in Kabul, Herat and Balk with participation of 42 observers of male and female with disabilities. The objective of the observation was to collect data on the participation of persons with disabilities and the accessibility of the parliamentary election held on 20 Oct 2018.  The findings of the observation will be shared with the election authorities to consider the barriers to persons with disabilities in the presidential and provincial elections. Based on these findings, ALSO will provide recommendations to improve accessibility and inclusion of person with disabilities.

Persons with disabilities encounter numerous barriers as they participate in electoral processes. These barriers need to be mitigated so that persons with disabilities can fully participate in the upcoming elections to enjoy their rights. This observation will help ALSO develop a better understanding around accessibility, challenges and participation of persons with disabilities in the elections process.

[1] Constitution of Afghanistan

[2] Election Law of Afghanistan

[3] Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) article 29

For more information see the the below link

Barriers to and Opportunities for Accessible Elections in Afghanistan