Survey (NDSA 2005) shows that 2.7% of Afghan population are persons with severe disability, who needs immediate care. 59% of them are men and 41% of them are women. More than 195 thousand children are living with disabilities and more than 70% of children with disabilities do not have access to education. Women with disabilities are facing double challenges: being a woman and being with disabilities. The number of persons with disabilities is growing day by day as a result of ongoing conflict all over the country and on the other, hand the financial resources are decreasing. Disability is not a priority in the policy and program of Afghan government and most of the donors.
Disability rights not respected
The rights of persons with disabilities are not respected in the community and by the government. The government is not accountable to its legal commitments and obligations. Persons with disabilities have less access to education, employment, rehabilitation and recreation in the community because the government of Afghanistan has not taken necessary measures to promote the rights of persons with disabilities and provide the necessary opportunities and facilities. Community members have negative perception against persons with disabilities. Discrimination exists against persons with disabilities in families and the community. As the national and international laws have obligated the government of Afghanistan to respect and promote the rights of persons with disabilities on equal basis in society.
ALSO is one of the disability focused organizations that has had good achievements in advocacy on the rights and inclusion of persons with disabilities by implementing and supporting different programs in collaboration with other civil society organization. For instance, ALSO was one of the active organizations advocated for the ratification of UN CRPD and CCM and amendment of some national laws in the country. ALSO has participated in difference campaigns and conferences such as the State Parties meetings on Mine Ban Treaty, Cluster Munitions (CCM) and other events in Chile, Oslo, Geneva and other places to advocating for the rights of persons with disabilities, mine victims and survivors.
Partnership and networking
At international level, ALSO is the member of International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL), Disabled Peoples’ International (DPI). At local level, ALSO is one of the members of Advocacy Committee for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (ACPD), Disability Stake Coordination Group (DSCG) and Agency Coordination Body for Afghan Relief and Development (ACBAR) member. The collaboration of ALSO will continue with civil society organizations to include and protect the right of persons with disabilities, mine victims and survivors based on the national and international laws in the future – UN CRPD, MBT, CCM and NLRBPD. ALSO is working to strengthen its advocacy collaboration with national and international organizations on the right of persons with disabilities and survivors.